What is Tai Chi
By George Mera
Tai Chi is one of the ancient concepts, ideas, or philosophies that explain the creation of the universe. At the beginning of time, there was a complete emptiness, silence or Wuchi. In this mystical void, two forces emerged; one being positive, called Yang, and the corresponding negative force called Yin. The atom, electricity, and computers are based on this binary system, positive/negative, one or zero. When these two forces fused, they produced a tremendous expanding force, like a big bang, and subsequently, the whole universe came into being.
Taoism, which is the oldest tradition in China, adopted the Yin and Yang concept as a correct model of living; humans and the universe both share the same principles, a macro, and microcosm. The Tao (the Truth or the Way) is manifested in humans through the creative expressions of art, the contemplation of reality in the present moment; the transcendent thoughts that make us vibrate.
This Yin and Yang connection continuously generates new and vital reactions called Tai Chi.
In every religion or philosophy you are encouraged to love the enemy, Taichi Chuan teaches you to appreciate and love the enemy that you have inside, so, at some point in our lives, we need to stop the civil war that we have in our minds, we need to extend our arms to the needed person inside ourselves, we need to be generous and feed the beggar that we all have in our hearts.
Each position in Tai Chi Chuan is helping you to untangle the riddle of your life; all positions have a hidden metaphysical connotation. Through the practice, we are not looking for changes that are temporary and usually imposed, but transformation, meaning growing from within; a deep awareness of our human condition and compassion towards ourselves and the world.
Tai Chi Chuan is the corporal expression of the philosophy of Taoism. Dances through the ages have tried to reflect matters of primal importance for people's survival. They sometimes express joyful and transcendental events in history. Some are the prelude of fertility. Tai Chi Chuan is the expression of the ineffable subtle law of the universe. When the corporal expression becomes slow, it transforms into a kind of ritual. All esoteric and religious practices are based on prearranged rituals, because what they are trying to do is express something that is beyond the tangible. The repetition of these rituals was believed to eventually produce the effect of connecting with some sort of knowledge, like persistently tuning a radio that occasionally works, with the intention of perceiving the trick that will always make it function.
Rituals that survived the passing of time and have shown their effectiveness become traditions or liturgy and are incorporated into some kind of organized faith. Rituals can also be twisted, manipulated and become the manifestation of darkness. All rituals have some kind of intrinsic philosophy; the corporal expressions are allegories of this knowledge. The retention of this knowledge and rituals gave certain individuals the condition of special or chosen human being to a cultural clan or society. So essentially, to perform the ritual of Tai Chi it is vital to know the thoughts behind the movements.
Each position in Tai Chi is like a ritual in itself and has a hidden meaning. They accomplish the expression of the philosophy in a context of a martial art routine. This expression is called Tai Chi Chuan, Chuan being the martial art aspect. You could live the Tai Chi in your life without the Chuan, or conversely practice the Chuan without the philosophy in mind, just as a good way to be physically fit.
Taoists are against any kind of physical violence, but violence was part of their everyday life and could not be ignored. This is a universal manifestation of Yin and Yang. Even if they retire to the mountains, violence will eventually follow them, and preserving their own life was the most important obligation. They must use martial arts to defend themselves. Since they were in a constant state of meditation this was also an expression of their personal development.
Some of the principles of their martial skills are:
Some people considered Tai Chi chuan as part of Chi Kung, for the extraordinary results in healing many illnesses. For a martial artist Tai Chi Chuan is the most mysterious and sophisticated of all martial arts. It is called the Shadow Boxing or the pursuit of the fourth dimension (time dimension).
Some scholars maintain that Tai Chi Chuan was developed by Chang Sang Feng, a monk who lived in the 13th century. His existence is a source of controversy. Legends said that he was sloppy in his dressing, seven feet tall and lived hundreds of years. Many people celebrate his birthday, April 9, 1247 AD, and believe he founded Tai Chi Chuan.
There are 5 principal schools of Tai Chi Chuan. The Old Structure or Chen style, the Big Structure or Yang style, the Small Structure or Wu style, the Medium Structure or the other Wu style, and the active structure or Sun style. The principles in all the styles are basically the same; they all continuously repeat 13 basic positions or techniques that Chan Sang Feng taught. It is said that he had a dream in which the Eight Immortals of Taoism taught him 13 basic positions to find health, longevity, and enlightenment.